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Feminism in global contemporary art...transnational and transgenerational

The print journal n.paradoxa
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[ISSN 1462-0426]
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Published volumes:
Ends and Beginnings
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Organising/ Organisations
(vol 39, Jan 2017)
Polemics/ Contestations
(vol 38, July 2016)
(vol 37, Jan 2016)
(vol 36, July 2015)
(vol 35, Jan 2015)
Lessons from History
(vol 34, July 2014)

international feminist art journal

Feminist Art Manifestos and Feminist Manifestos

A chronological list of feminist art manifestos and feminist manifestos which have had an impact on the women's art movement and the creation of feminist art.

Feminist Art ManifestosThis list was researched in preparation for the Feminist Art Seminars at the ICA on 30 March 2011, organised by Katy Deepwell as a collaboration between the ICA and n.paradoxa. Links are given, where known, to websites where the material is directly available.
(Updated July 2014, with thanks to Daisy Grove-Lafarge for her assistance)
(Last update: April 2020)
Any comments or suggestions to add to this list:

A selection of 35 feminist art manifestos by contemporary women artists is now available in this ebook from KT press (2014)

Valentine de Saint Point The Manifesto of Futurist Woman (Response to F. T. Marinetti) (1912)

Valentine de Saint Point ‘Futurist Manifesto of Lust’ (11 Jan 1913)

Mina Loy ‘Feminist Manifesto’ (1914) unfinished and not published til 1982 in Mina Loy The Lost Lunar Baedeker. Sequel to her ‘Aphorisms for the Future’ (1914) in Bonnie Kime Scott (ed) The Gender of Modernism (1990)

Yvonne Rainer ‘No Manifesto’ (1965) reproduced in her book Feelings are Facts: A Life (MIT press, 2006). Or consult this website to read it.

Casey Hayden and Mary King 'Sex and Caste: A Kind of Memo' (1965)

Jo Freeman Bitch Manifesto (1968)

Valerie Solanas ‘SCUM manifesto’ (1969). Extract available in link, but published in several different editions as a book.

Nancy Spero ‘Feminist Manifesto’ (1970-1971) from R. Arkesteijn (ed) CODEX SPERO: Nancy Spero, selected writings and interviews 1950-2008 (Roma Publications, 2008)

Third World Women's Alliance Black Women's Manifesto (1970) (published as a pamphlet in New York, available through Duke University Library's, documents from the women's movement archive online)

Monique Wittig, Gilles Wittig, Marcia Rothenberg and Margaret Stephenson ‘Combat pour la liberation del a femme’ (L’Idiot International (Paris) May 1970 pp.12-16) p.184 precedes Monique Wittig’s Les Guerrilleres. Passages translated in English in Janet Lyon Manifestoes: Provocations of the Modern (Cornell University Press, 1999).

The Radical Women Manifesto: Socialist Feminist Theory, Program, and Organizational Structure (1967) available from Red Letter Press

Mierle Ladermann Ukeles ‘Manifesto for Maintenance Art 1969: Proposal for an exhibition “CARE”’ - available in several Manifestos books, including KT press

Redstockings Manifesto (1969/1970). 'The Redstockings Manifesto' was written by an unknown author, and used by the Women’s Liberation Party in 1969

Agnes Denes A MANIFESTO (1970)

'Manifesto of Women Students and Artists for Black Liberation' (WSABAL) (1970) written by Faith Ringgold and Michele Wallace. A legible picture of the original typescript of this manifesto can be found in Carey Lovelace's online essay 'Making it Together'.

Jo Freeman The BITCH Manifesto (1968, published 1970): An analysis of how strong independent women are viewed in our society. Also Archived on Chicago Women's Liberation Union archive website.

Chicago Anarcho-Feminists 'Anarcho-Feminism: Two Statements' (from Siren, 1971)' Who we are: An Anarcho-Feminist Manifesto' and 'Blood Of The Flower: An Anarchist-Feminist Statement'

Demands from the National Women's Liberation Movement conferences (1971-1978) (UK). Archived on the Feminist Archive North website

Manifesto of Rivolta Femminile (1970) and Carla Lonzi's Let's Spit on Hegel (Italian Original)

Monica Sjoo and Anne Berg ‘Towards a Revolutionary Art’ (1971-2). A copy of this rare pamphlet is in the British Library. It is republished in n.paradoxa volume 28 pp.64-67. Available in print only.

Valie EXPORT ‘Women, Art: A Manifesto’ (1972) reproduced in Kristine Stiles and Peter Selz (eds) Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art (1996) and in Helena Reckitt (ed) Feminism and Art (Phaidon)

Rita Mae Brown ‘A Manifesto for the Feminist Artist’ From The Furies, Lesbian/Feminist Monthly, Volume 1, issue 5, June-July 1972

The Artists’ Union: ‘Women’s Workshop Manifesto’ (Almost Free Theatre, London 1973)

Carolee Schneemann ‘Woman in the Year 2000’ (1975) reproduced in Kristine Stiles and Peter Selz (eds) Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art (1996).

Jenny Holzer ‘Truisms’ (1980-1990)

'The Manifesto of Women Artists of Pakistan' (1983) reproduced in Salima Hashmi Unveiling the Visible: Lives and Works of Women Artists of Pakistan (2002)

Mierle Ukeles ‘Sanitation Manifesto’ (1984), also reproduced in Kristine Stiles and Peter Selz (eds) Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art (1996)

Donna Haraway ‘Manifesto for Cyborgs’ (1985) First published in Socialist Review No 80 1985. Reprinted in Linda Nicholson (ed) Feminism/Postmodernism (Routledge, 1991). Republished in Amelia Jones (ed) The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader (London: Routledge, 2003)

Combahee River Collective (1986) The Combahee River Collective Statement: Black Feminist Organizing In The Seventies and Eighties. Kitchen Table/Women of Color

Gisela Breitling Feministisches Manifest November(1989). German text, written following a discussion with the working group "Rat der Frauen".

Veronica Vera, Candida Royale, Annie Sprinkle ‘Post-Porn Manifesto’ (1989). published in Annie Sprinkle: Post-Porn Modernist: My 25 Years as a Multi-media Whore. (San Francisco: Cleis Press, 1998). Available in Spanish at Performatus (Jan 2017)

Lesbian Avengers of New York Civil Organising Project ‘Out Against Right: The Dyke Manifesto: basic principles’ (1992-1994)

Beatriz Preciado Manifeste contrasexuel/Contrasexual Manifesto
Also known as Manifiesto contra-sexual/Kontrasexuelles Manifest (Paris: Editions Ballard, 2000) – see discussion in G.Ankele ‘Post-Porn Politics’ n.paradoxa volume 25 (Pleasure) 2010

THE MANIFESTO: Eva and Co. (c. 1992)

RIOT GRRRL MANIFESTO. The Riot Grrrl Movement began in the early 1990s by Washington State band Bikini Kill and lead singer Kathleen Hanna.

'East German Feminists: Lila Manifesto' republished in English in Feminist Studies v.16 (Fall 1990) pp.621-634

VNS Matrix ‘Bitch Mutant Manifesto’ (c.1994) reproduced in n.paradoxa issue 4 online issue 4, n.paradoxa: international feminist art journal August 1997, republished, January 2010

Fabrika Nadyonii Odezhdii, FNO (The Factory of Found Clothes) Natalya Pershina-Yakimanskaya and Olga Egorova, respectively known as Gluklya and Tsaplya Manifesto of Factory of Found Clothes. c. 1995

Violetta Liagatchev ‘Constitution Intempestive de la République Internationale des Artistes Femme’ issue 3, n.paradoxa: international feminist art journal May 1997/Jan 2010.

Natasha Vita-More ‘Extropic Art Manifesto of Transhumanist Arts’ (1997)

Senga Nengudi aka Lily Bea Moors 'Lilies of the Valley Unite! Or Not' (1998) first published in ‘Double Consciousness: Black Conceptual Art since 1970’ curated by Valerie Cassel Oliver (Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, 2005).

Old Boys Network ‘100 anti-theses on cyberfeminism'

Dora García 100 Impossible Artworks (2001) (reproduced in a press release for a 2010 show at MUSAC Collection, León.)

SubRosa refugia: manifesto for becoming autunomous zones (BAZ) (2002)

Rhani Lee Remedes SCUB Manifesto first published in LTTR vol 1 Sept 2002

Orlan ‘Carnal Art Manifesto’ reproduced in n.paradoxa vol 12 (Out of order) 2003 p.44

Meike Schmidt-Gleim and Mieke Verloo 'ONE MORE FEMINIST MANIFESTO OF THE POLITICAL' IWM Working Paper No. 2/2003 Vienna 2003

ARCO Manifesto (2005) Published in Spanish at ARCO, IFEMA, Madrid (Xabier Arakistain)

Yes! Association (2005) Equal Opportunities Agreement (#1, 2005)

Lida Sherafatmand ‘Humanitarian Art Manifesto’ (2004-2010) (published online, 30 Sept 2010, Kimpavitapress)

Mette Ingvartsen ‘Yes Manifesto(2006)reproduced in Astrid Peterle ‘The Performances of Mette Ingvartsen the pleasures of depersonalized bodies, bouncing trampolines and evaporated landscapes’ n.paradoxa vol 25 (Pleasure) 2010 p.37

Manifesto of the Pan-Canadian Young Feminist Gathering Toujours 'RebELLEs / Waves of Resistance', Montreal, October 13, 2008. Reproduced in Penny Weiss Feminist Manifestos: A Global Documentary Reader (New York University Press, 2018)

Working Artists and the Greater Economy (WAGE) Wo/Manifesto (2008)

Arahmaiani 'Manifesto of the Sceptic' and 'Letter to Marinetti' (2009)

Lindsey German 'A Feminist Manifesto for the 21st Century'(2010)

Guerrilla Girls 'SCHOOL OF THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO COMMENCEMENT ADDRESS MAY 22 2010 and Guerrilla Girls Guide to Behaving Badly' (2010)

Lucia Tkacova and Aneta Mona Chisa (2011) 80:20 Statement on the Romanian Pavillion walls in Venice Giardini for the Venice Biennale. Tkacova and Chisa also produced a video work Manifesto of Futurist Woman (Let's Conclude) (2008).

Legacy Russell 'Digital Dualism and the Glitch Manifesto' (2012), published on The Society Article on Rhizome, 2013. (Book, Glitch Feminism: A Manifesto, Penguin, 2020).

Martine Syms 'The Mundane Afro-futurist Manifesto' (2013) on (17 Dec 2013) and Martine Syms own website

Anohni - Kembra Pfahler - Johanna Constantine - Bianca Casady - Sierra Casady the-13-tenets-of-future-feminism (2014-2017)

Alexandra Pirici and Raluca Voinea (2015, Bucharest, Bologna) Manifesto for the Gynecene - Sketch of a New Geological Era

Laboria Cuboniks (a collective of six) Xeno-Feminism: A Politics for Alienation (2015) - also on the group's website in several languages.

Laura Bear, Karen Ho, Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, and Sylvia Yanagisako
Gens: A Feminist Manifesto for the Study of Capitalism (2015). Published in Cultural Anthropology

Miriam E. David A Feminist Manifesto for Education (Wiley, 2016)

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Dear Ijeawele, or A Feminist Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions (Penguin, Random House, 2017)

Sara Ahmed 'A Killjoy Manifesto' in Living a Feminist Life (Duke University Press, 2017).

Not Surprised, an open letter (2017) - this version is on Artists' Newsletter's website, signed by 5,000 women artists and curators and writers, rather than strictly a manifesto, this is one response to sexual harassment in the art world. Second version on NewsArtNet.

Feminist (art) Institution (Tereza Stejskalová) Code of Practice (2017). Manifesto arising from a series of seminars at Transit, Prague, Czech Republic, in 2017

Declaration of Commitment to Feminist Practices in Art: Permanent Assembly of Women Art Workers (2017) (Argentina) Also available in Spanish, Portuguese and French on the website

Neysa Page-Lieberman, Melissa Hilliard Potter "Feminist Social Practice: A Manifesto" ASPA Journal (John Hopkins Unversity Press) Vol. 3, no. 2, May 2018 pp.335-351

Jana Astanov has written an astrofeminist manifesto (2018)

Michelle Moravec did a digital humanities analysis of the content of this list and the anthology at CAA 2015 'A Digital Analysis of Feminist Art Manifestos' talk given at College Art Association, February 4, 2015, for panel Mapping Feminist Art Networks available online at: Click here to find this. Now published as a full article in ARTL@SBULLETIN, Vol.6, Issue3 (Fall 2017)

Anthologies of feminist manifestos:

Katy Deepwell (ed) Feminist Art Manifestos: An Anthology (KT press, 2014)

(see also her essay 'Feminist Art Manifestos/Feminist Politics' in Cambridge Literary Review, Issue 11, Manifestos, Michelmas, 2018

Breanne Fahs (ed) Burn It Down! Feminist Manifestos for the Revolution (London: Verso, 2020)

Penny A. Weiss (ed) Feminist Manifestos: A Global Documentary Reader (New York: NYU Press, 2018)

and Carlota Subirós dir. GRRRLS!!! Manifestos feministes del segle XX i XXI (20th And 21st Century Feminist Manifestos) (a film, 2019).

Any comments or suggestions to add to this list or give sources where known to other feminist art manifestos, please contact: